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Claudio Descalzi. The force of integration and cooperation in Africa

Sustainability / -

The CEO of the ENI energy giant explains in this interview the value of the company’s work in Africa. He underlines that “anyone playing an important role in this continent must think not only of taking, but also of giving. That way, growth happens more quickly. ENI’s contribution has been to find gas for using in a domestic context: is it strategically crucial to invest the country’s resources within the country too.”

The CEO of ENI participated in today’s event hosted by Expo Milano 2015 "Expo calls Africa: reflections on the continent of the future", an occasion marking the importance of international cooperation and involvement, and the determination of Expo Milano 2015 and its Partners to project themselves beyond October 31 with broad-minded forward-looking projects.

Palestine. Where the oil is not only good but also good for you

Culture / -

Palestinians know what a precious resource water is. And its land is home to one of the most generous of all trees: the olive tree. Palestine’s National Day in Expo Milano 2015 is on September 19.

Palestine is a Middle Eastern country whose climate reflects its position between the Mediterranean Sea and the desert. Part of its territory enjoys a mild and temperate climate with typical Mediterranean temperatures, and the other part is dry, with scarce rainfall concentrated in short periods of the year.
The olive tree: symbol and tradition
Palestine is well represented by the olive tree, both from an agricultural and social viewpoint: a strong and resilient tree, stubborn enough to survive drought. Olives and their oil are extremely important products for this region and comprise a vital sector for the Palestinian economy: roughly 100,000 families depend on the olive sector, which is responsible for 14 percent of the total economy. Present in these lands for thousands of years, the olive tree is a symbol of Palestine’s history. It is also a powerful symbol of peace.
Water, an increasingly precious resource
Now that olive oil has been identified as a fundamental product for those who wish to follow a healthy diet, Palestinian olive oil – regarded as having one of highest qualities in the world – has reinforced its position on the international market. Visitors to the Palestinian Pavilion, in the Arid Zones Cluster in Expo Milano 2015, will be able to discover and appreciate the traditions, culture, products and hospitality of the Palestinian people, and find out about its traditional agricultural methods and its ways of conserving the most precious and vital resource of all: water. 

Senegal. A distillation of climates

Culture / -


A nation which overlooks the Atlantic Ocean, offering marked climatic contrasts between evergreen tropical forests and the arid zones.

A mostly flat territory, consisting of a huge plateau, except for the south-eastern corner of the country, which includes a northerly part of the Futa Gialon Massif, and for the volcanic peaks towards the islands of Cape Verde… this is Senegal, a country which takes its name from its most important river. This is an example of just how important rivers are in this country, almost all torrential: most of Senegal is arid. Only in the more southern part is there a savanna, which in the furthest south becomes a tropical forest. This means that Senegal contains at least some areas of practically all kinds of vegetation and landscape, from desert to jungle: and this in a relatively small country. Its flora, in other words, passes from thick rainforest in the south, with dense mangrove areas along the coast, to the less dense forest parklands, then north to the savanna and further north to the Sahel semi-desert steppes.
Rice, millet and white fonio: the foundations of Senegal’s diet
The rich variety of Senegal’s food is an expression of the mixture of cultures it has been home to and also the influence of external culinary traditions. A typical meal for the vast majority of its people consists of a plate of rice or millet accompanied by vegetables or a piece of fish, frequently in one large serving dish for the whole family. A complete dish for oneself is therefore a privilege, often a tribute of hospitality offered to a guest.
Its traditional dishes are all based on rice, vegetables, meat or fish. Rice as a foundation for nourishment – often imported – is a relic of the colonial period. Wheat is used for bread or Moroccan-style couscous. Bread was imported directly from the French tradition, and to this day its most common form is that of the baguette. The most common popular dish, however, is millet couscous, with a finer grain and more bitter taste in the north and a coarser but sweeter grain in the south. Use is also made of a cereal typical of Senegal – eaten above all in the south and in the Casamance region – namely fonio, worked into couscous form. The most popular drinks are mint tea and coffee.
Food security beneath a baobab tree
Senegal’s Pavilion at Expo Milano 2015 centers on a baobab tree as a symbol, one of the most majestic trees in the world, which provides nutrition and protection to thousands of people.
Senegal is present at the Universal Exposition in the Arid Zones Cluster, and its theme is ‘Production, nutrition and protection: the challenges of food security and sustainable development in Senegal’.
The aim of the country’s participation in the Milan Expo is to show the efforts it is making to develop its agriculture and to guarantee food security despite often unfavorable conditions. The major threats it has to deal with on the road to these goals are soil degradation, climate change, water shortages and population increase.
Senegal intends to adapt to changing climatic conditions by trying to achieve food independence in feeding its population, while respecting the environment. To fulfil this goal, various educational programs have been created to motivate environmentally responsible behavior by both producers and consumers.

Over a million people are already #FoodConscious. What about you?

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