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Angelina Jolie, Matt Damon, Julia Roberts and the other actors in the fight against hunger

Lifestyle / -

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Angelina Jolie
© Courtesy of Unhcr/Corbis
Bill Pullman
© Patsy Lynch/Retna Ltd/Corbis
Drew Barrymore
© Nancy Kaszerman/Zuma/Corbis
Halle Berry
© Photo Image Press/Splash News/Corbis
Julia Roberts
© Katy Winn/Corbis
Matt Damon
© Lan/Corbis
Paul Newman
© Louie Psihoyos/Corbis
Raul Bova
© Riccardo Cesari/Splash News/Corbis
Sean Connery
© SNS Group/Jeff Holmes/Corbis
Susan Sarandon
© Louise Gubb/Corbis

Waiting for the night of the Oscars, a roundup of the actors who are most involved in the fight against food waste and hunger, with projects aimed at alleviating the suffering of women and children around the world.

2014 –The year of family farming

Economy / -

Family Farming
© Liu Jian Ming/Redlink/Corbis

According to the FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN), Family farming is a strategic approach to promote food safety and nourishment for the entire world.

The event to launch the year of Family Farming was held in November, 2013. It was an occasion for the world’s agricultural policy leaders to meet in Brussels. "Agriculture is a family run part of the solutions for most of the problems that humanity is committed to resolve, including world hunger," said EU Agriculture Commissioner, Dacian Ciolos. The event in Brussels was attended by several key figures', including Carlo Petrini, founder of Slow Food, who said: "There's too much bureaucracy and little structural and financial assistance to develop a family business. We need to implement policies that do not complicate the lives of small farmers." You cannot eradicate hunger in the world if you do not improve the yield of family farms," added Jose Graziano da Silva, Director-General of the FAO.
Family farming can also be a best practice used to exit from the economic crisis
Family farming can also be a best practice used to exit from the economic crisis, as the organizational model that contemplates distinctive signs. In family farms, for example, the generational change ensures business continuity and brings innovation and operational improvements. Sharing of information and responsibility represents an organizational advantage and a way to unite the family members. The time horizon is dominated by the short term, but is also extended to include future generations. These values ​​provide the family farm with a distinctive value-added offering.
Family farming is, therefore, a fundamental reality in the current agricultural landscape that countries and their policies should take note of. While in some states there are already active measures that promote family farms, there is still room in other countries to implement supportive policies. Great Britain, Switzerland and Finland are among the members of OMA, indicating the need for measures to make the family farm more competitive on the market and less dependent on the PAC funds. In contrast there are countries such as Albania, South Africa, Ghana and Uganda that are asking for more dedicated funds and easier access to credit. There are difficulties common to family farms: lack of access to credit, a marginal position in the supply chain, lack of adequate infrastructure, poor access to information, exclusions from the global forums on development agendas, adaptation to climate change and the need for an adequate income.
Positive examples come from the United States where there are social safety nets and also from Canada where there are loans for young entrepreneurs. Argentina has special measures for inclusion in the market and a way to build alliances between the various players in the sector, as well as incentives for production. Another good example also comes from Australia where there are already tax incentives and financing for family farms. The government also works directly with rural communities through a link between investment and development. There are some African states such as Uganda and Ethiopia that are among the members of OMA and that are providing supportive measures, for example they have put in place policies to ensure control of development and access to land. Last but not least, a positive case comes from Switzerland where legal and financial measures support access to land and provide training activities.

Aung San Suu Kyi. Equality, education and peace: the three keys to nourish the young

Editorial / -

Delete gender differences, promote respect for the environment and sustainable development, end conflicts: these are the three paths proposed the Nobel Prize for Peace winner to defeat malnutrition.

Aung San Suu Kyi has participated in "Italy 2015: the country in the year of the Expo", second stage of the path to the drafting of the Charter of Milan, with a video message. The leader of the National League for Democracy said: "the United Nations estimates that, in our country, 35% of children under five suffer from severe growth disorders. And I've noticed this myself in the countryside. Sometimes I saw kids who I thought were five or six years old, but in fact were 11, 12 or even 13 years old and suffered from a severe form of rickets. The sad aspect is that these children had normal weight at their birth. Only after the age of two, when they began to move and needed a richer diet, their parents' resources proved insufficient. This means that the lack of food is closely linked to the poverty of their parents. What must we do to ensure that our rich land, which has been entrusted to us, is a resource for our people, able to feed our children and make them grow mentally healthy?"

Three Global Answers
Aung San Suu Kyi articulated the answers around three points: gender, environment and conflict. "Gender inequality begins in the home, with food given to children" - ensures the Nobel Prize for Peace winner. "In my country, males are generally favoured over girls and, of course, the most preferred is the man of the house, who is supposed to have a need for more energy. The dominant idea is that the male should be more educated, more cared for, while the women stay at home and try to feed the family with the little that is left. The more educated women are, I think, the better the situation will be. Therefore, we must educate mothers, so that they can treat their daughters better, starting from better nutrition." After quickly recalling the importance of the environment and sustainable development, Aung San Suu Kyi addressed the issue of conflict. "Wherever there is conflict, nutrition is affected and putting together two meals a day is a real struggle. Food is one of the main concerns of people in situations of conflict." She concluded: "The world today is so interconnected that hunger, wherever it may be, cannot be ignored by those who live in the richest countries. I hope this day is an opportunity to discuss ideas to find ways to ensure that future generations follow a better diet and are thus able to better deal with the world they live in."

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