In the world there is enough food to feed the entire population, but every day the number of people who suffer from hunger exceeds 800 million. These are some of the findings gathered in the new Oxfam report on food security.
The Netherlands is the country in the world where food is richer, healthier, more nutritious and also more affordable. This contrasts with Chad that closes the ranking of 125 countries surveyed by the index Good Enough to Eat were prepared earlier this year by the NGO.
The report is based on data from various international organizations, such as FAO, the World Bank and the World Health Organization and takes into account many different parameters: the availability of food, its price and quality. Combined together, they can give you a precise idea of what and how you eat in a country, in short, an index of food security and the supply of food for citizens.
At the top of this list are mainly European countries. Behind the Netherlands, where everyone can buy food enough good, are France and Switzerland. Then Austria, Denmark, Sweden and Belgium. Italy is in eighth place with Ireland, Portugal, Luxembourg and Australia. A good location in absolute terms, but Elisa Bacciotti, director of Oxfam campaigns Italy was left wondering: "Italy could be in first place, but more and more people are struggling to eat healthily and to make ends meet: the cost of life in general is high compared to the average income of the Italians."
The United Kingdom is outside of the top ten (13), paying for the volatility of its food prices compared to other consumer products. Also outside of the top 20 are the U.S. and Japan. If in the United States the quality of food is good, the rate of obesity and diabetes among the American population is still too high; whereas in Japan good food is very accessible but not everyone has the possibility to buy it.
Almost all of the last 30 positions are occupied by countries of the African continent. The last position of Chad is justified by the fact that it is the country in the world where food, compared to the average income of the population, costs the most (along with Guinea and Gambia) and where the rate of underweight children is higher, equal to 34 percent. At the bottom of the list are also Burundi (119), Yemen (121) and Madagascar (122) where malnutrition affects a large part of the population.
According to Oxfam, there is enough food in the world to feed everyone, yet every day, 840 million people are added to the list of those who already suffer from hunger. For this reason, it is calling for a dramatic change in the way food is distributed by governments, and between industrialized and developing countries. To all this must be added the threat of global warming, which according to the latest forecasts, might increase the number of people who suffer from hunger by between 20 and 50 percent by 2050, when the population of the Earth will be nine billion, two billion more than today.