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Chile. Where the stars shine brighter

Culture / -

ND Cile 29 sett
© Michael Hanson_Mint Images_Corbis

From the Atacama Desert (which has the clearest night sky in the world) to Rapa Nui, Easter Island, and from Patagonia to the island of Chiloè, Chile has a huge inheritance of biodiversity which generates a generous range of gastronomic options

No part of the Chile is more than an hour’s journey from the sea. This is one characteristic
of the country, and an indication of the extremely long north-south strip of territory
that is vastly varied natural and cultural heritage and biodiversity. Another unique
feature is the Atacama Desert, in the north of the country, where the largest astronomical
observatory in the world is situated, in the town of Alma: this area offers the clearest and brightest
view of the stars in the world, practically devoid of clouds. And the Alma Observatory is
only one of 42 astronomical observatories in Chile.
 
Another decidedly unique attraction is Easter Island, declared part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1995. This – known as Rapa Nui in the native language – is one of hundreds of islands off the
Chilean coast, but is of course the most famous thanks to its mysterious giant Moai statues.
The central area of the country is dominated by lakes and volcanoes. This area also features the large island of Chiloè, part of the archipelago of the same name and famous for its churches built totally without the use of nails. Then there is also the extraordinary area of Patagonia, which has the highest concentration of thermal springs in South America, with over 270 thermal centers. It also contains the Torres del Paine National Park, a world biosphere reserve, as well as numerous glaciers: 1,750 of them, which cover 3% of Chile’s total land surface.
 
An ultra-varied range of gastronomic possibilities
With so many very different geographical and cultural contexts, Chile’s gastronomic possibilities are
enormous, with every region having its own traditions. Naturally, with a coastline of over 4,000 km,
fish and seafood is ubiquitous, including the famous Torres del Paine salmon… the second most
exported salmon in the world, after Norwegian salmon. There is also an abundance of oysters, eels,
groupers, crabs, sea urchins, shellfish, and much more, all of which figure into countless different
recipes.
 
The specialty of the central valleys, on the other hand, is wine: Chilean wines are appreciated
throughout the continent and the world. The country has 11 wine routes which pass through the
13 valleys of Aconcagua, Casablanca, San Antonio-Leyda, Maipo, Cachapoal, Curicó and Maule. It
also produces copious amounts of fruit, especially pears and cherries (particularly famous those of
the northern city Copiapò, known as the flowering desert, on account of its highly particular
microclimate.)
 
One traditional dish (especially associated with the island of Chloè) is the Curanto: this may be
made with seafood or meat, or both, with potatoes, cooked in a hole in the ground covered by
heated rock and banana leaves.
 
The central regions’ typical dishes are more influenced by rural traditions and by European
immigrants. Its traditional dishes (served in Expo Milano 2015) include Empanadas flavored
with cilantro, Pastel de Choclo (a maize paie) and Humitas (steam-cooked corn on the cob).
 
The Love of Chile, on display in Expo Milano 2015
These gastronomic specialties can be tasted in the large restaurant on the ground floor, which
features a single huge central table, symbolic of the collective ‘mensa’. Chile’s Pavilion is built
entirely from pinewood from Monterey, one of the country’s most widely exported qualities.
The visitor enters by passing through a kind of grotto, accompanied by the words of the Chilean
poet Raùl Zurita, author of the poem El Amor del Chile (The Love of Chile, which is the country’s
participating theme at Expo Milano 2015). This is underlain by the strange natural sound of salt
crumbling when the temperature changes, recorded in the Salar de Domeico, the huge salt desert in
the Atacama region.
 
From here you reach the upper floor, where videos on large panels show the pear harvest, livestock
raising activities, fishing, and also the preparation of Curanto. In the following space, thanks to
spectacular projections in 3D 4k, the visitor is completely immersed in Chile’s stunning natural
landscapes.
 
 
Explore Chile’s Pavilion at Expo Milano 2015 
 

United States, technology brings about a food renaissance

Culture / -

 
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© Martin Sundberg/Corbis
© Terry Eggers/Corbis
© Splash News/Corbis
© Martin Sundberg/Corbis
© Seth Resnick/Science Faction/Corbis
© Jessica Sample/Corbis
© Michael DeYoung/Design Pics/Corbis
© Martin Sundberg/Corbis

Six time zones span across deserts, plains, forests and mountains.  Grain and oilseed fields are the ever-present crops that form a foundation of agriculture in America, the world’s largest producer of soybeans and corn. 

All the facets of sustainability at Expo Milano 2015

Sustainability / -

Sostenibilità

Sustainability is a concept which is made up of several different but intrinsically connected aspects: the environmental, the social, the economic and the cultural aspects. It is these different faces of the prism that make this concept innovative, thus getting away from the classical antinomy between campaigners for the protection of the environment and those favoring economic development understood merely as a quantitative growth figure.

Sustainable development is a prospect for the economy which posits a lifestyle that satisfies our needs without impoverishing present resources and which offers hope to future generations. On several occasions at Expo Milano 2015, attention was drawn to the fact that food security is dependent on a combination of the protection of the environment and adaptation to climate change, economic development respectful of people, land and traditions and on innovations which open up new opportunities for farmers and food producers. Whichever way one looks at it, then, social and environmental sustainability are pre-requisites to ensuring enough food for everyone, both today and tomorrow.  
 
Pollution, deforestation, desertification and climate change
Pollution, deforestation, desertification and climate change are serious threats to feeding the world in the future. The global development model has caused such rapid and unlimited intensive exploitation of resources that as a consequence many ecological balances have been upset. Intensive agriculture is the cause of a large proportion of worldwide CO2 emissions. The loss of fertility of the land, the advance of deserts, the drastic depletion of fish stocks in both rivers and oceans and climate change bring humankind face to face with very complex dilemmas. Green areas are currently disappearing at the rate of about 13 million hectares per year. In forty years, marine species have reduced in number by 39 percent, the most widely sold (such as tuna and cod) by 74 percent. More and more scientists are convinced of the risks deriving from climate chaos. All these issues are piling up and casting a shadow on the future of mankind and his food.
 
The numerous solutions put forward at Expo Milano 2015
All countries were invited to Expo Milano 2015 to have their say on access to food while respecting the environment and the world’s ecological equilibrium, and each company which displayed its products illustrated its industrial policies to ensure that their supply chains are sustainable. What is needed first of all is an agricultural sector which is interested and aware of events and which at the same time can play a vital role in protecting and enhancing the environment and the territory and making it a better place to live. Family-level agriculture, preservation of traditional production methods through local companies and reconversion to ecologically sound practices go hand in hand with research for new materials, recycling to combat waste, new apps and awareness-raising campaigns. If, as the 7,000 meetings held at the Expo site have us understand, sustainability becomes a stimulus to find innovative solutions to develop agriculture in arid zones or on vertical walls, using resources better, combating waste and inequalities, injecting new life into territories and communities, it will also become an essential requisite for the elimination of world hunger and granting respite to a nearly exhausted planet.
 
Sustainability on the Exhibition Site
An event centering on the issue of Respecting the Planet had necessarily to incorporate these principles into its basic rules. A number of targets have been reached, from the construction sector to the certification of the sustainability of the event, to the outstanding percentage of differentiated trash collection at the Exhibition Site.
 

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