History / Traditions / Interesting Facts
The Podolica cattle breed, descended from the ancient Bosprimigenius or Uro, arrived in this country from the ancient Russian region of Podolia, following the migration of Asian peoples in the fourth century AD. Today it is found mainly in the inland areas of peninsular southern Italy. In Basilicata it is reared in interior and marginal areas.
There are numerous historical references, some going back several centuries, concerning the breeding of Podolica cattle and Merino sheep in Basilicata. Over time, these animals have become well adapted to the mountainous Lucania environment.
The Lucania Black Pig has for centuries been bred wild or semi-wild in the Lucania countryside where it feeds on acorns, chestnuts and other undergrowth vegetation. Slaughtered in the coldest period of the year, it provided an indispensable source of energy with which to face the rigours of winter.
From time immemorial, these meats have been strongly linked to the ruralism, traditions and cuisine of all Basilicata. The bond between product and land is demonstrated by the numerous harvest festivals, country and religious fairs, popular celebrations (the Maggio di Accettura and other arboreal rites) that take place all over the region.
A.R.A. Associazione Regionale Allevatori della Basilicata
Via dell'Edilizia – 85100 Potenza
News and events
23-26 May: Accettura , “Maggio di Accettura”. Hugely popular arboreal cult involving a procession of 50 pairs of oxen raised by the participating "maggiaoli" families. Info: www.ilmaggiodiaccettura.it