The Fruits and Legumes Cluster features a veritable orchard of fruit trees, large and small, whose delightful aromas invite visitors to discover their origins, history, as well as the legends related to them.
Visitors can move freely between the various participating countries’ pavilions, and explore the fruits that grow there. The spaces, the structures, as well as the natural resources on display conjure light-play and evoke the feeling of being in a forest.
The garden of wonders: Irene Kung
"I think the artist should offer the spectator what the spectator does not already have. Therefore the task of the contemporary artist is to make people dream with the aid of a positive and intimate message. Dreams enable us to reach great goals and help us in our difficult moments. In my vision they allow us to access intuition, a very powerful emotion that eliminates rationality. I believe that through dreams we can reach the essence of the object in a more successful way.
I wanted to pass on a positive image in this moment of crisis and hardship, and with fruit trees—symbols of productivity, health, fertility—it was almost a natural outcome. Thinking of this project I came across two major difficulties: I had little time, because these trees only have a specific moment in which they are perfect; moreover I had to find the tree that was not part of an orchard, because in that context trees are laid out on regular grids, hence not in the right position for the image I wanted. In my way of working it is possible to reinstate the tree to what I felt. That is exactly what I do with my work: I remove everything unessential in order to show the tree as it is, as I feel it. It is intuition, it is irrational: rationality can be misleading, sentiment cannot. Good photography, to me, is the one that moves us".
Irene Kung was born in Switzerland and trained as a painter. In recent years she expanded her repertoire to include photography and has achieved international recognition. She has exhibited at the Bozar Museum in Brussels, Belgium, and in the spectacular surroundings of the Certosa di San Giacomo in Capri, Italy. Her work has appeared in numerous international magazines such as AD, The Sunday Times Magazine and The New York Times Magazine and was selected by the international jury at ParisPhoto 2010. "The Invisibile City" (Contrasto), a book on her architecture photographs, was published in 2012 in English, Italian, French and Chinese.
EXHIBITION CONTENT: Università Vita Salute San Raffaele, Italy
SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR AND PROJECT COORDINATOR: Roberto Mordacci
CONCEPT AND EXHIBITION LAYOUT: Matteo Vercelloni, and Massimo Ferrari
CONTRIBUTORS: Stefano De Feudis, Stefano Sala, and Claudia Tinazzi
TOTAL AREA: 3,705 sqm
EXHIBITION AREA: 1,125 sqm
COMMON AREA: 2,515 sqm
EVENTS AREA: 536 sqm
The Fruits and Legumes Cluster features areas cultivated with different varieties of fruit trees and bushes. In the main central square of this Cluster, visitors can participate in, and enjoy the many events inspired by the shapes, scents and colors of the wide variety of fruits and legumes on offer.
A wooden roof canopy covers the main square, around which the pavilions are grouped. At the end of their tour of the Cluster, visitors will have the chance to wander through the market, and perhaps purchase some of the tasty fruits and legumes on display. The market forms a natural link to the Spices Cluster, leading visitors seamlessly to their next experience.
An essential component of our diet
Fruits and legumes have been eaten for centuries and, as a result, have become symbols of myths, legends, and ancient traditions in many cultures worldwide.
Fruit cultivation began in the Mediterranean region, due to the favorable climate. The Egyptians, Greeks and Romans were familiar with many varieties of fruit. In medieval times, efforts began to improve cultivation methods for both fruits and legumes. The early settlers took many of their plants and seeds to the New World, where many were able to flourish, and were gradually brought to the entire continent, becoming the focus of keen trade.
Aside from soya and beans, that were traditionally found in Central and Southern Asia and in Central America respectively, most legumes were originally grown and cultivated in the Mesopotamia and Mediterranean areas, due to the climate being favorable.
Legumes represent the main food source in many emerging countries, their fundamental qualities helping ensure food security. Legumes are an extremely important part of the food chain and, due to their vitamin and mineral content, may be used as a substitute for cereals in the crop rotation system, which is designed to help prevent soil depletion. Rich in calories, legumes play a vital role in reducing food poverty within agricultural communities, helping improve health and increase nutritional values in many parts of the world.
COUNTRIES BELONGING TO THIS CLUSTER
UN's presence in the Fruits and Legumes Cluster
Fruit and vegetables are essential in achieving a healthy and nutritious diet, and yet around half of the their global production is lost or wasted. The importance of fruit and legumes in food security and nutrition is illustrated in the UN Space in this Cluster. Among other topics, this space will address traditional agricultural practices that can ensure food and agricultural diversity, resillience and livelihoods.
is present with 18 multimedia installations, easily recognizable by their giant blue spoons. These UN Spaces are located in various areas of the site along the itinerary dedicated to the theme “The Zero Hunger Challenge • United for a sustainable world”.